August, “What Must She Do to Be Saved? A Theological Analysis of 1 Timothy 2:15”

The notorious exegetical crux of 1 Timothy 2:15 has received attention in Themelios by means of the following treatment:

August, Jared M. “What Must She Do to Be Saved? A Theological Analysis of 1 Timothy 2:15.” Themelios 45.1 (2020): 84–97.

Here’s the abstract: “In 1 Timothy 2:15, Paul asserts ‘the woman will be saved through the childbirth.’ This essay asserts that this ‘woman’ is Eve and that this ‘childbirth’ is the birth of the Messiah. Although this interpretation is by no means new, the contribution of this essay rests in its proposal of the evidence for this view, namely, Paul’s use of the Adam/Christ contrast. This essay first analyzes the grammar and context of 1 Timothy 2:15 to assert that a messianic reading of this passage is an exegetically viable option. Subsequently, each instance in which Adam is mentioned by name in the NT is examined (Luke 3:38; Rom 5:14 [x2]; 1 Cor 15:22, 45 [x2]; 1 Tim 2:13, 14; Jude 14), thereby proposing a pattern for when to expect Paul to develop the Adam/Christ contrast.”

The article is available here.

2019 Publications on the Letters to Timothy and Titus

Each year, we provide a list of scholarly publications from the previous year on the Pastorals. We’re a bit later than usual this year, but on the bright side, the list is therefore somewhat more complete! We’ve included several 2020 publications in the list as well, though only those which have already been published, and not those which are yet forthcoming.

Over 100 items long, the list casts its net rather broadly, and one of the aims of the exercise is to highlight research on the Pastorals in languages which are not typically engaged in English-language scholarship.

You can access the list by clicking here.

The Pastorals in NTA 63.3

A bit belatedly, here are the Pastorals-related items I noted in New Testament Abstracts (63.3 [2019]). Quite a few pertinent items!

(1187) Majtán, L’ubomír. “Timotej—Pavlov delegát v komunitách: Osoba delegáta v Pavlov‎‎ých listoch vo svelte grécko-rimskej korešpondencie a rabínskej halachickej literatúry” [“Timothy—Paul’s Agent in the Communities: The Status of Agent in the Pauline Epistles in the View of Greco-Roman Diplomatic Correspondence and Rabbinic Halachic Literature”]. Studia Biblica Slovaca (Bratislava) 11.1 (2019): 42–56. [Slovak]

(1243) Köstenberger, Andreas J. “An Investigation of the Mission Motif in the Letters to Timothy and Titus with Implications for Pauline Authorship.” Bulletin for Biblical Research 29.1 (2019): 49–64.

(1244) Belleville, Linda L. “Lexical Fallacies in Rendering αὐθεντεῖν in 1 Timothy 2:12: BDAG in Light of Greek Literary and Nonliterary Usage.” Bulletin for Biblical Research 29.3 (2019): 317–41.

(1245) Hylen, Susan E. “Women διάκονοι and Gendered Norms of Leadership.” Journal of Biblical Literature 138.3 (2019): 687–702.

(1246) Sommer, Michael, and Elisabeth Hernitscheck. “Ideen, stereotypen und klischees: Ein kulturgeschichtlich-diskursiver zugang zu witwen in 1 Tim 5.” Revue Biblique 125.4 (2018): 576–97.

(1247) Couser, Gregory A. “The Believer’s Judgment in 2 Timothy, Part 1.” Bibliotheca Sacra 176.703 (2019): 312–26.

(1291) Naselli, Andrew David. “What the New Testament Teaches about Divorce and Remarriage.” Detroit Baptist Seminary Journal 24 (2019): 3–44. [note “1 Timothy 3:2 and Titus 1:6 (also 1 Timothy 3:12),” pp. 37–44]

(1406) Decousu, Laurence. “L’origine de l’imposition des mains épiclétique comme tradition dans les liturgies des ordinations et du baptême.” Questions Liturgiques [Leuven] 99.2–3 (2018–2019): 81–194.

(p. 513) Lambrecht, Jan. In Search of Meaning III: More Notes on the New Testament (2018–2019). Beau Bassin, Mauritius: Scholars’ Press, 2019. (note “49. Grammar and Logic in 2 Timothy 2,11–13 (2018),” pp. 383–88)

(p. 514) Landry, David T., with John W. Martens. Inquiry into the New Testament: Ancient Context to Contemporary Significance. Winona, MN: Anselm Academic, 2019. [Note chapter on Deutero-Pauline and Pastorals]

(p. 514) Merkle, Benjamin L. Exegetical Gems from Biblical Greek: A Refreshing Guide to Grammar and Interpretation. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2019. [note treatments of 1 Tim 3:6; Titus 2:13; 1 Tim 6:10]

(p. 529) Davey, Wesley T. Suffering as Participation with Christ in the Pauline Corpus. Lanham, MD: Lexington, 2019. [note “The Place of SPC [suffering as participation with Christ] in 2 Timothy 2:1–13”]

(p. 536) Romanello, Stefano. Paolo: La vita, le lettere, il pensiero teologico. Milan: Edizioni San Paolo, 2018.

(p. 539) Murray, Timothy J. Restricted Generosity in the New Testament. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2/480. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018. [note chap. 8: “Restricted Generosity in 1 Timothy 5.3–16,” pp. 196¬¬–222, as well as pertinent discussion of “oikos language” in chapter 6]

(p. 548) Karaman, Elif Hilal. Ephesian Women in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Perspective. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2/474. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018. [discussion on widows in 1 Tim, pp. 119–23; women and teaching, pp. 157–68]

(pp. 548–49) Koet, Bart J., Edwina Murphy, and Esko Ryökäs, eds. Deacons and Diakonia in Early Christianity. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2/479. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018. [note Lauri Thurén, “Divine Headhunting? The Function of the Qualifications of Deacons in 1 Tim 3:8–13,” pp. 117–30]

(p. 558‒59) Wright, Brian J. Communal Reading in the Time of Jesus: A Window into Early Christian Reading Practices. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2017. (note pp. 173‒82 on the PE, and the implications the broader work has for 1 Tim 4:13)

(p. 559) Zeichmann, Christopher B. The Roman Army and the New Testament. Lanham, MD: Lexington / London: Fortress Academic, 2018. (note section on the Pastorals, pp. 120–22, which highlights “Soldiers of Christ—1 Tim 1:18; 2 Tim 2:3–4”)

JSPL 9.1-2 (2019): “Special Issue: The Pastoral Epistles”

The most recent issue of Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters contains presentations on the Pastorals from a specialist conference held in Leuven in November 2018. The theme of the conference was “The Pastoral Epistles: Common Themes, Individual Compositions?” (program).

The JSPL issue contains an editor’s introduction, and another introduction to the special issue. An opening essay by Jermo van Nes sets the stage, followed by four sets of essays and responses, and “concluding reflections” by editor Stanley Porter. You can view the contents here, and I’ve compiled the abstracts here.